Dec 292015

newborn with congenital heart diseaseA baby may be born with congenital heart disease and may not not present with symptoms in the early few hours of life. In order to diagnose the condition following  points are summarized below:

1. A Baby With Cyanosis:  may have conditions like

  • Transposition of Great Arteries (TGA) ,
  • Right sided obstruction (Pulmonary atresia, Tricuspid atresia)

2. Presentation with Mild Cyanosis and CCF: include conditions like:

  • TAPVC,
  • Truncus arteriosus

3. A newborn baby in Shock:  may have:

  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome,
  • Aortic stenosis

4. Late onset CCF (> 2 weeks): include underlying conditions like: Continue reading »

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May 072015

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Feb 052015

Oppositional Defiant DisorderDefinition: Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a condition in which a child displays an ongoing pattern of uncooperative, hostile, resistant and an annoying behavior towards people in authority. In order to be diagnosed the behavior must be present for at least 6 months.

Symptoms: It is difficult to differentiate between a normal but an emotional child with a child with an oppositional defiant disorder. It is not unusual for children to argue, disobey or talk back to their parents, teachers or other adults, but when such a behavior gets too annoying to disrupt the child’s daily life and activities, lasts longer than 6 months and is excessive for the child’s age than it becomes a psychological disorder known as Oppositional defiant disorder. ODD is characterized by frequent occurrence of at least four of the following behaviors:

  • losing temper
  • arguing with adults.
  • actively defying or refusing to comply with the request or rules of the adults.
  • deliberately doing things that will annoy others
  • getting angry
  • showing violent behavior.
  • blaming others on his/her own mistakes
  • being touch and easily annoyed by others.
  • unwillingness to compromise.
  • Acting aggressive towards peers
  • Have academic problems.

Related Mental health issues: A child with oppositional defiant disorder may have associated other mental health issues like anxiety, depression and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The symptoms of theses conditions may overlap and sometimes it is difficult to diagnose as one particular disorder.

Things to Consider: If a child is suspected to have an abnormal behavior that points toward certain psychological or mental disorder it is important not to neglect it. It is always important to diagnose and treat the condition. Also consider : Continue reading »

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